The Bir Madhkur Project is a multidisciplinary, multi-season archaeological research project that has as its main goal to situate the site of Bir Madhkur and its territory within the broader social, economic, political, cultural history of the region. The Central Araba Archaeological Survey is one component of this project designed to contextualize the landscape surrounding Bir Madhkur itself as well as fill the gap left between archaeological surveys in the north (down to the Feinan area) and those in the south (the Roman Aqaba Project’s Southeast Araba Archaeological Survey).
What was the function of similar Nabataean/Roman/Byzantine outposts in both military and civilian capacities? What were the interrelationships between indigenous and nonindigenous groups inhabiting the Araba Valley, in particular relations between pastoralists and agriculturists? What was the nature and extent of the local and long-distance trade that passed through the site?