FOLD&R Italy Series

Editors: Maria Grazia Celuzza, Elena Chirico, Elizabeth Fentress
Scientific Committee: Gilda Bartoloni, Enrico Benelli, Alessandra Capodiferro, Alberto Cazella, Alfredo Coppa, Michael Crawford, Stefano De Caro, Alessandro Guidi, Paolo Liverani, Alessandra Molinari, Massimo Osanna, Emanuele Papi, Lucia Saguì, Catherine Virlouvet, Giuliano Volpe, Andrew Wallace-Hadrill

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Index for 2024

  • 583 - Paola Palmentola - Virginia Stasi - Nicoletta Azzollini. 2024. Frantumazione rituale e spargimento intenzionale. Le tombe 2 e 7/2018 da Monte Sannace . Tombs 2 and 7 are two sarcophagus burials found during the 2018 excavation in the lower part of the settlement of Mon-te Sannace, inside an area occupied through the Hellenistic period by the insula V. The burials were first used in the mid-dle of the 5th century B.C., then, shortly before the first half of the 4th century B.C., they were opened at the same time and emptied in order to place one new body inside of each. The reuse of the graves is testified by the intention-al shattering of the grave goods, and perhaps even the breaking up of the skeletal remains, and the spreading of their crushed remains outside the tombs and inside the ‘ripostiglio’ of tomb 2. The simultaneous opening and reuse of the tombs, alongside the fragmentation and the spreading of the grave goods in the area of the two sarcophagi demonstrate a unique ritual action linked to the funerary sphere. As the research expands to the context inside of which the ritual oc-curred, it is possible to understand how that ritual is linked to an area of the settlement with a specific destination be-tween the Archaic and the Hellenistic period. This area is, indeed, characterized both during the Archaic-Classical and the Hellenistic period by the presence of funerary remains and evidence of occupation, with exceptional connotation as-sociated with the ritual sphere PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 582 - Federico Zoni - Alessandro Bona. 2024. Le ricerche archeologiche presso il Dos del Castel a Teglio, Valtellina (SO): dalle indagini preliminari non invasive alle campagne di scavo 2022-2023 . Archaeological investigations at Dos del Castel in Teglio (SO) started in 2021 with an initial research permit for non-invasive surveys. The project continued between 2022 and 2023 with an archaeological excavation. The site, renowned for its habitation spanning from pre/proto-history to the Middle Ages, underwent initial exploration through a series of tests aimed at assessing its archaeological potential. Subsequently, an extensive archaeological excavation took place, particularly in the area south of the castle tower. In this zone, numerous structures relevant to various phases of medieval occupation of the site were unearthed. The earliest phase, dating back to the 11th-12th century, featured relatively fragile structures, likely constructed from perishable materials, developed around the tower. Later, between the mid-13th century and the beginning of the 14th century, the initial structures were supplanted by a series of buildings, some of which were residential, constructed with stone walls and lime mortar. This period of architectural vitality within the castle is attributed to the armed conflicts that characterised the Valtellina region during this time. The discovered structures were likely intended to house the castle's military garrisons. With minor modifications and changes, these buildings remained in use throughout the 15th century, until the probable abandonment of the site in the course of the 16th century. The military nature of the site is corroborated by the material culture unearthed during the excavations, especially from the earthen floors of the buildings. Numerous iron objects related to weaponry (arrowheads, crossbow points, knives) and elements of military attire (chainmail, plate armor components) were discovered. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 581 - Melanie Jonasch – Linda Adorno. 2024. Selinunte: un altro saggio nella stratigrafia del pianoro di Manuzza. Rapporto preliminare . In 2021 the Rome Department of the German Archaeological Institute started a new collaborative project on the urban lay-out of Selinunte . Its objective is to complement the well-known schematic plan of the archaic and classical Greek city with a multilayered model that also considers the settlement’s development and transformations through time. Part of the multidis-ciplinary approach is a series of stratigraphic excavation trenches in the more remote parts of the city to investigate the bla-tant traces of well-known historical events as well as the gentle evolution of the communities and their habitat . Potential dif-ferences in the functional and social environment are also on the agenda. After the first promising results obtained in 2020 on the Manuzza-plateau, a larger trench was opened nearby to better understand the varied forms of use of the area through time. This preliminary report provides an overview of the main phases of occupation observed in trench M 2021/22 between the earliest evidence of human activity in the early Bronze Age and the relocation elsewhere of the Hellenistic population in the mid-3rd century BCE. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 580 - Emanuele Mariotti, Ada Salvi, Jacopo Tabolli. 2024. Bagno Grande 2023: diachronic and spatial news. Questo contributo presenta alcune delle novità emerse dalla campagna di scavi 2023 presso il santuario termale etrusco-romano del Bagno Grande di San Casciano dei Bagni (SI). In particolare, nonostante prevalgono gli elementi di continuità piuttosto che di discontinuità tra la fase etrusca e quella romano imperiale, più dati testimoniano il complesso processo di ‘manipolazione’ del passato di età etrusca operato nella prima età imperiale come visibile sia dalla stratificazione del record votivo che della topografia del santuario. Accanto alla permanenza di materiale di età etrusca (tardo-ellenistica in particolare) vengono discusse preliminarmente quelle che potrebbero costituire le prime evidenze strutturali del periodo etrusco e pre-imperiale dallo scavo in corso. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 579 - Natasha Luigia Antonino. 2024. Le lucerne di produzione locale del complesso catacombale tardoantico di Lamapopoli a Canosa di Puglia (BT): una proposta tipologica . In the north-eastern suburb of Canusium (locality Lamapopoli) there is a large and articulated cemetery complex, characterised by the coexistence of a sub divo necropolis and almost 15 hypogea (catacombs), both family and collective, excavated at different altitudes into the rocky hillslope that characterises the site. The frequentation of the entire cemetery is dated - without interruption - between the 2nd and 6th century AD, with an increase in funerary use from the mid-4th century onwards, when the construction of the catacombs intensified and exponentially strengthened the possibilities of cemetery occupation. Between 2004-2006 and, after a period of interruption, from 2016 to the present, archaeological investigations were conducted in a number of underground sites (A, C, F, G, H) from which the oil lamps examined originated. The locally produced specimens, dated to a period between the 4th and 6th centuries AD, consist of a considerable variety and quantity of types, which cannot currently be compared with other late antique sites in southern Italy. In particular, an attempt has been made here to propose a chrono-typological succession of oil-lamps that can almost certainly be traced back to local production, selecting a sample of specimens considered significant and illustrative of the various types attested. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 578 - Federica Riso - Cinzia Cavallari - Cristina Palazzini. 2024. La campagna archeologica 2020-2022 in località Cittanova di Modena . In Modena, north of the via Emilia in the Cittanova area, between 2020 and 2022, archaeological investigations were carried out north of the Roman sanctuary excavated between 2006 and 2009, as part of a new project aimed at creating the motor-way connection Campogalliano-Sassuolo. The research has highlighted a complex architectural complex, composed of a series of rooms that develop around a large courtyard area, characterized by gravel and brick leveling, inside which there were three wells, a pair of drainage channels, a quadrangular basin and structures that indicate, further north, service, productive or artisanal activities. In the southern sector, partially underground rooms were identified, equipped with floor coverings and a heating system with suspensurae and prae-furnium. The research is still ongoing, however, from a first analysis of the data collected, the complex seems to date between the 2nd BC and the 2nd century AD, with evidence of spoliation up to the end of the 4th century AD. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 577 - Filippo Materazzi – Marco Pacifici - Francesco Saverio Santaga. 2024. From top to bottom Multispectral Remote Sensing and Data Integration to Rediscover Veii . PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 576 - Daniele De Simone – Graziano Ferrari. 2024. Acquedotto Augusteo della Campania Notizie preliminari sul tratto Fuorigrotta - Coroglio (Napoli) . PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 558 - Cristina Concu - Marco Cabras - Marco Zedda - Riccardo Cicilloni. 2024. La capanna 17 del villaggio protostorico di Bruncu ‘e S’Omu – Villa Verde (OR). The hut 17 is placed in the late Bronze Age settlement of “Bruncu ‘e S’Omu” - Villa Verde (OR), in central western Sardinia. Archaeological investigations were carried out by the University of Cagliari since 2013: we mainly dealt with the northern area of the village, consisting of a unitary set of circular or sub-quadrangular huts, located around a central space, in which the hut 17 holds an overlooking position. The aim of this work is to trace, throughout the result of the excavations, in particular the analysis of the ceramic context, the intended purpose of the “hut” 17 and its chronology. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 557 - Tommaso Bertoldi con Letizia Ceccarelli. 2024. Una fornace di età romana nel territorio di Tarquinia. Some surveys made between the 60s and 90s in the area between Tarquinia and the coast, have allowed to reconstruct the transformations of the landscape from the protohistoric to the late imperial age. A recent excavation between 2014 and 2015 along the SS1 Aurelia, not far from Tarquinia (so called ‘Pidocchio’ area), unearthed an important kiln for the manufacture of ceramics, active between the end of the third and the first half of the second century BC. In particular, the kiln produced am-phoras that could be added to the family of late Republican ‘ovoid amphorae’ (called Tarquinia 1-3) and some jugs and basins of coarse ware. This discovery provides new data on the territory of Tarquinia during the romanization and on the production still active in the area, it is possible to determine a new production of ‘ovoid amphorae’ in central Tyrrhenian Italy. Also, in Santa Severa and Torre Astura, have been identified kilns that produced amphorae morphologically similar to those of the ‘Pidocchio’ kiln in Tarquinia.There is no evidence for a settlement or a villa overlooking the economic activities of the kiln, so it is not possible to formulate any hypothesis on the ownership. Interesting the discovery of the inscription ANE - imprinted ante cocturam - on a loom weight found in the area of the kiln. The Ane family owns two tombs in the necropolis of Monteroz-zi, in particular in the so-called tomb ‘Querciola II’, dated to the first half of the second century BC. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet