Archaeological investigations were carried out this year in the so-called “Artisans’ Quarter”, specifically in several sectors already partially explored in 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2011.
The investigations were particularly addressed to better understand the evolution of a phase of the vicus dating to the 1st century AD. This phase was found between the better-known levels of 2nd-3rd centuries AD (investigated in 2011) and those of the 1st century BC, located close to a water drain.
Past campaigns brought to light two rectangular rooms from this phase. Designated as Room 1/2005 and Room 3/2011, they are oriented NW-SE. The foundations of both were found in a leveling layer that has yielded a large amount of ceramic material dating back to the first decades of the 1st century AD, including a Sarius bowl.
The 2012 excavation focused on the area between these two structures and unearthed two more quadrangular rooms (Room 4/2012, and Room 5/2012) that present features not found in any of the quarters excavated in Bedriacum.
The walls were partially robbed of building materials in antiquity though traces remain of brick foundations (type Bacchetta 4, see Bacchetta 2003) and of walls in perishable materials, maybe unfired bricks.
A circular-shaped solid level (diam. 140 cm), made with brick and pottery fragments bound together with grey mortar, was found in the centre of Room 4/2012 (located to the west). In Room 5/2012 (located to the east), a similar circular structure is in raw earth with up-turned edges and contains several brick fragments placed horizontally. It is enclosed by a ring-shaped structure of concrete (80cm x 340cm), concave in section and set externally against the walls of the room.
Thus, the newly excavated rooms seem to present roughly the same structure of a central element and ring-shaped structure, which can be connected to the use of a mechanical device with a circular movement.
Both rooms were abandoned at the same time and were sealed by a thick layer rich in cookingpots “tipo Calvatone” (AD 150-250), which, consequently, can be dated after the mid 2nd century AD. They are likely to have been part of a small productive-artisanal area for agricultural products processing.
Therefore, a different use of this area than the residential one of the adjacent and contemporaneous “Domus del Labirinto” and “Domus del Kantharos” might be confirmed for even the early Imperial period.
- Gioia Zenoni - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Maria Teresa Grassi - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Emanuele Intagliata - Università di Edimburgo
- Miriam Romagnolo - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Antonino Crisà - Università di Leicester
- David Seveso - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Giorgio Rossi - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Lilia Palmieri - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Stefano Nava - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Università degli Studi di Milano
- Comune di Calvatone
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