After one year of break, the excavation resumed in 2011 focusing on a single large area of the so-called Artisans’ Quarter, already partially excavated during the previous seasons (North-western sectors 2005, 2006, 2007). The aim has been to deepen the investigation and to collect more precise data about the layout, the function and the chronology of this part of the ancient village.
South of a long robber trench running north-west/south-east – dividing the residential area of “Domus del Labirinto” and “Domus del kantharos” and the productive/commercial area (Artisans’ Quarter) – a sequence of small rooms, porches and courtyards develops along two parallel rows.
A rectangular room has been identified at the eastern edge of the northern alignment. The room was sealed by a thick layer of pure and compact clay, attesting that a spontaneous abandonment led to the natural perishing of its walls, made with the technique of pisé. The foundations, built in brick and tile fragments (System A, according to Bacchetta’s typology, see Bacchetta 2003), have been heavily robbed. The covering must have been in perishable materials. On the floor in beaten earth a Republican axis and a Domitianus coin have been found.
Beside this room there was an elongated porch, opening on a courtyard. The porch had wooden pillars supporting a covering in perishable materials and ended with a small tile roof. In a corner of this porch there was a big pit, filled with a great abundance of fragments of common ware and of volcanic millstones, comparable to some finds of the “Domus del Labirinto” area dating to the 2nd-3rd century A.D. (see C. Orsenigo, La media età imperiale: rinnovamento e trasformazione. L’Ambiente C, in Calvatone-Bedriacum, DVD 2008).
A corridor ran from the courtyard between the two rows of aligned structures; the walls probably supported two wooden storage shelves collecting a great quantity of miniscule pottery sherds, mostly rims of the cookingpot “tipo Calvatone” (see C. Orsenigo, L’olla tipo Calvatone, in Calvatone-Bedriacum, DVD 2008). They might have been part of a storage and productive complex, which is also suggested by the general layout (alternating small rooms and open spaces), the building techniques and the nature of the collected materials.
A sounding at the south-west corner of the porch testifies the existence of an earlier phase under the foundation of the beaten earth floor of the porch. Three sides of a room sharing the orientation of the later structure have been unearthed: two walls are in pisé, the third one in bricks. The building technique of this room, as well as its stratigraphic position, suggests one refer it to the neighboring room identified in 2005 (first decades of the 1st century A.D.).
- Gioia Zenoni - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Maria Teresa Grassi - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Luisa Folli - CNR, Istituto Conservazione e Valorizzazione Beni Culturali, Sezione Gino Bozza, Milano
- Roberto Bugini - CNR, Istituto Conservazione e Valorizzazione Beni Culturali, Sezione Gino Bozza, Milano
- Emanuele Intagliata - Università di Edimburgo
- Laureandi, laureati, specializzandi dell’Università degli Studi di Milano e di Parma
- Miriam Romagnolo - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Jennifer Corlazzoli - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Giorgio Rossi - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Stefano Nava - Università degli Studi di Milano
- Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Scienze dell\'Antichità
- Comune di Calvatone
- Regione Lombardia
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