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Excavation

  • Calvatone
  • Costa di S. Andrea, area di proprietà provinciale
  • Bedriacum

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    Credits

    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

    • AIAC_logo logo

    Summary (English)

    • A single large sector was excavated, Sector 2009.
      This area formed the northern edge of the sector partially excavated during the previous season. The excavation aimed to continue investigation of the stratigraphy in the area of the opus signinum floor which was probably that of a heated room. The investigation was undertaken due to the particular importance of the floor, unique within the panorama of residential architecture in the vicus, inserted in the sequence of rooms aligned in a north-east/south-west direction uncovered in 2008.

      There were a number of clearly visible circular impressions on the surface of the well-made opus signinum floor, some with mortar residue, interpreted as the make up for the pilae supporting the suspensurae. This hypothesis was confirmed by the recovery of a cylindrical suspensura and several fragments of tubuli for wall heating found, during the opening of the trench in the previous year, in the immediate vicinity of the floor. However, above all confirmation was provided by the discovery in situ of a partially damaged suspensura at the south-eastern edge of the opus signinum floor, although it was smaller in diameter than that discovered previously. The floor was heavily damaged and its dimensions reduced by deep-ploughing which had heavily cut the original edges. Along the southern edge of the floor there was a feature interpreted as a robber trench, whose fill was mainly constituted by small to medium brick fragments and fragments of mortar and plaster. North of the floor, by the northern edge of the sector, there was a jumbled layer of brick fragments, at present interpreted as the probable dragging of the mixed up layers of collapse previously identified close to the floor itself. To the west of the floor were two structural elements, which will only be defined by the continuation of the excavations. The first was constituted by a long trace of painted plaster (circa 85 cm), apparently preserved in situ and still partially covered by collapsed material, lying parallel to the north-western edge of the floor. This feature may be interpreted as the remains of what was probably the outer facing of the original wall which closed this room to the west. The second element was constituted by a large fragment of sesquipedalis, lying flat upon a layer of broken down clay, apparently without any connection to the nearby structures.
      The opus signinum paving constituted the base above which the actual floor of the heated room was supported on the suspensurae.

      The alignment of the structures and the sequential arrangement with respect to the other structures identified in the area, indications of a coherent architectural development, suggest a preliminary date of the 1st century A.D. for the heated room.

    • Lilia Palmieri - Università degli Studi di Milano 

    Director

    • Maria Teresa Grassi - Università degli Studi di Milano

    Team

    • Giorgio Rossi - Università degli Studi di Milano
    • Marina Albeni - Università degli Studi di Milano
    • Miriam Romagnolo - Università degli Studi di Milano
    • Laureandi e specializzandi - Università degli Studi di Milano
    • Stefano Nava - Università degli Studi di Milano
    • Gioia Zenoni - Università degli Studi di Milano
    • Daniele Bursich - Università degli Studi di Milano
    • Antonino Crisà - Università di Leicester
    • Angela Cerutti - Università degli Studi di Milano

    Research Body

    • Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Scienze dell\'Antichità

    Funding Body

    • Comune di Calvatone
    • Università degli Studi di Milano

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