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  • Calvatone
  • Costa di S. Andrea, area di proprietà provinciale
  • Bedriacum
  • Italy
  • Lombardy
  • Province of Cremona
  • Calvatone



  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • The campaign involved a single large area, denominated Sector north-west 2007.

    With the opening of a large area adjacent to the eastern edge of the 2006 trench the upper stratigraphic levels were investigated, revealing structural remains immediately below present ground level. A series of rooms in perfect alignment with the room excavated in 2005 were identified. Investigations in the western part of the sector revealed the in situ collapse of a tile roof, a substantial level of compact and refined clay, to be interpreted as a deposit originated by the break up of the unbaked clay walls, and extensive layers of dark loam, perhaps relating to a phase of collapse or destruction of the walls and the subsequent decay of the timber structures. All of this stratigraphic evidence was delimited, to the north and south, by two long parallel robber trenches on a north-west/south-east alignment. The northern trench, in particular, was perfectly aligned with a short section of wall identified in the south-eastern corner of the excavation area. The latter was preserved at foundation level with one course of the footing. On the base of the analogies that have emerged from the excavations of the 2005 and 2006 rooms, it was possible to recognise a row of at least two (perhaps three) rooms, all apparently of similar dimensions and perfectly aligned in a north-west/south-east direction.

    In fact, both the tile collapse and the clay and/or silt layers from the destruction of the walls found exact parallels in the evidence from rooms 2005 and 2006. On the northern edge of the excavation a patch of heavily damaged opus signinum paving was uncovered. The paving was not of a particularly high quality and numerous white and black stone tesserae had been inserted into it, apparently without any precise design. The presence of an element of this type is of interest, it may be suggested that it belonged to a residential building rather than a service/productive structure. Thus, it would have been part of a different building complex than those identified in the southern part of the sector.

    The building techniques used in these rooms, their small size and layout all suggest that these structures were part of a structure destined for utilitarian activities, perhaps the storage of goods and products. A preliminary date of the 1st-2nd century A.D. is suggested, although only the continuation of the excavations and the study of the materials will provide more precise data regarding function and chronology.

  • Lilia Palmieri - Università degli Studi di Milano 


  • Maria Teresa Grassi - Università degli Studi di Milano


  • Angela Cerutti - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Daniela Benedetti - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Federica Giacobello - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Francesca Ossorio - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Laureandi e specializzandi - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Gioia Zenoni - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Clelia Orsenigo - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Laura Sperti - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Andrea Baudini - Società Lombarda di Archeologia s.r.l. Milano
  • Alberto Bacchetta - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Thea Ravasi - Università degli Studi di Milano

Research Body

  • Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Scienze dell\'Antichità

Funding Body

  • Comune di Calvatone
  • Regione Lombardia
  • Università degli Studi di Milano


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