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  • Calvatone
  • Costa di S. Andrea, area di proprietà provinciale
  • Bedriacum
  • Italy
  • Lombardy
  • Province of Cremona
  • Calvatone



  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • The excavation investigated two separate areas: Sector east 2006 and sector north-west 2006.

    In sector east 2006 investigation of the earliest phase of the ‘Domus del Labirinto’ continued. Excavations in the sector north of the domus of Tiberian-Claudian date revealed numerous traces of cuts and the fills in a layer of sterile sand, sealed by thick dumps. They related to the first sporadic occupation of the area, datable to between the end of the 2nd and the first half of the 1st century B.C. The identified contexts had not been disturbed by later interventions and thus, as sealed contexts, were of great interest. They produced a clear picture of the assemblage of materials, in particular pottery, in use during the first occupation phase on the site. The cuts, of varying shapes and sizes, had been used to dump rubble (the remains of carbonised structures, plaster, brick and tile), and mainly domestic rubbish. Two contexts were of particular importance, for the quantity and quality of the materials preserved. In fact, the excavation identified two holes characterised by a consistent number of pottery artefacts (some almost intact or fragmented but reconstructable), comparable with other middens already found in the area. Thus, this sector which was subsequently occupied by the structures of another domus coeval with the ‘Domus del Labirinto’, seems to have been a space on the edge of the vicus used for quarrying construction materials (sand for aggregate) and for dumping rubbish.

    The excavation of sector north-west 2006 continued, to the north and south, the investigations begun in 2005 which had exposed a small service room with a courtyard (storeroom? workshop?) datable to the first decades of the 1st century A.D. To the north, a trench opened in 2005 was widened in order to examine the levels of the first occupation phase (1st century B.C.). The excavation of a small channel was of great interest. Made of tile and well-preserved at the eastern end, it forked into two smaller channels to the west. To the east the channel cut a midden, whose fill contained material datable to the first half of the 1st century B.C. To the west it was cut by a second midden, whose fill produced abundant pottery including two ASR bases with the stamp L. TETI SAMIA.

    To the south, excavations identified a new room, smaller than that found in 2005. The perimeter walls were in a precarious state of preservation as they had been heavily robbed. In fact, it was only possible to suggest a plan for the room on the basis of the robber trenches. The floor was a simple beaten earth surface, and the absence of a tile collapse suggests it did not have a tile roof but probably a more modest covering of perishable materials.

  • Lilia Palmieri - Università degli Studi di Milano 


  • Maria Teresa Grassi - Università degli Studi di Milano


  • Angela Cerutti - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Daniela Benedetti - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Federica Cortinovis - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Federica Giacobello - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Gioia Zenoni - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Laureandi, specializzandi, studenti - Università degli Studi di Milano, di Pavia, di Nantes (FR)
  • Francesca Ossorio - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Roberto Bugini - CNR, Istituto Conservazione e Valorizzazione Beni Culturali, Sezione Gino Bozza, Milano
  • Clelia Orsenigo - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Laura Sperti - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Pasqua Di Meo - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Andrea Baudini - Società Lombarda di Archeologia s.r.l. Milano
  • Alberto Bacchetta - Università degli Studi di Milano
  • Thea Ravasi - Università degli Studi di Milano

Research Body

  • Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Scienze dell\'Antichità
  • Università degli Studi di Pavia

Funding Body

  • Comune di Calvatone
  • Università degli Studi di Milano


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