The prehistoric settlement of Hisar is located on the northwest steep slopes of the Shiroka hill; situated on the elliptic shape plateau (180 × 90m) with steep sides that descend steeply to the plain and intersect by the road Suhareka-Prizren. The first archaeological excavations were conducted by J. Todorovic, carried in 1961 and 1963, (350 m2 surface were excavated during that campaign and remains of 16m long house was discovered). Further minor excavations were carried in 1978 by J.Glisic.
Recent excavations carried during 2004 represent a continuation of the archaeological investigation of the 60’s and 70’s of the past century, in order to verify the structure of archaeological strata, extent and content of the dwellings. During the 2004 excavation season, around 67m2 surface was excavated and the horizontal stratigraphy revealed nine settlement layers between the Late Neolithic and the Hellenistic periods. The stratigraphic sequence of the cultural layer is 3.2 m thick and in pits it goes up to 4.7m. However, based on the stratigraphic sequence and the pottery analysis, the majority of the cultural deposits (6 horizons of habitation with remains of flooring) belong to Aeneolithic (Copper Age), the Kosovo variant of the Bubanj-Salkuca-Krivodol culture. The abundant ceramic ware discovered in Hisar mainly consists of: red and white decorated painting pottery, Scheibenhenkel handle pots, black-burnished pottery, shallow plates with thick rims, goblets with two handles, cups with high band handle, etc.
Hisar represents an important regional and Balkans’ center of prehistory that during the Copper Age was distinguished as a real prehistoric civilization. It had relationships with the great centres of Eneolithic culture of the Central Balkans and particularly with the group Bubanj-Hum of Southern Morava and that of Baden-Kostolac of the Danube river basin and the Central Balkans. Hisar achieved the same development level as the Krivodol and Ezero of North-Eastern Bulgaria, Salkuca and Çernovodo of Oltenia, Karanova of Southern Thrace, Rahmania of Thesalia and Maliq of South-Eastern Albania groups. In the cultural evolution of Hisar, parallel to components that came from East an Adriatic component is also present. This is clear from the strong Adriatic tradition of this culture shown in the conservation of some late Neolithic Reshtan forms and motives. A high cultural level, achieved especially in phase Hisar II C that belongs to the Kostalc group suggests that an autochthonous eneolithic substrate formed a component in the process of ethno-genetic formation of Dardanians during the Iron Age. This local or Adriatic component is also shown in the culture of Early Iron Period, when parallel to Central Balkan elements (e.g. bowls of Mediana type) there are also found Adriatic ones (e.g. bowls with triangular bended tips of Varvara, bowls of Bellaçevc type etc.). This cultural continuity is a very important element for the ethno-genetic determination of Dardanians.
- Adem Bunguri - Instituti i Arkeologjisë Tiranë, Departamenti i Prehistorisë (Albanian Institute of Archaeology, Department of Prehistory)
- Shafi Gashi - Archaeological Institute of Kosova
- Bedia Raci - Gjakova Institute for the Protection of Monuments
- Luan Koçbashliu - Prizren Institute for Protection of Monuments
- Mithat Selimi - Archaeological Institute of Kosova
- Pëllumb Naipi - Instituti i Arkeologjisë Tiranë (Albanian Institute of Archaeology)
- Archaeological Institute of Kosova
- No files have been added yet