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  • Norma
  • Latina
  • Norba
  • Italy
  • Lazio
  • Provincia di Latina
  • Norma



  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

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Summary (English)

  • The research looked at the urban layout and a residential building, giving priority to interventions of use for the creation of the archaeological park.

    Excavation was completed of three roads that branched from the main road crossing the town on the north side below the small acropolis. All were paved with limestone basoli and showed evidence of having been restored. The first two branches below the small acropolis must have been used by traffic entering from Porta Maggiore. The first had no sidewalk and widened at point where a side road branched off to the east leading up to the small acropolis. In the final stretch, as it drew closer to the main road, it had a sidewalk on the east side. The second branch had a sidewalk on each side and a paved side street, closed to traffic, branched off from it at a right angle. The third branch road, headed north from the main road at the point where the latter was joined by the road from Porta Ninfina, and must have served the central part of the town. It was wider than the others were. Followed for 20 m, the road was paved in limestone basoli and had basalt sidewalks. The basoli were of varying shapes and sizes and the gaps between them were filled with limestone wedges. There was clear evidence of subsidence at the centre of the road, probably caused by the collapse of the sewer system below. A gravel layer constituting the new surface obliterated the paved road and the road itself was narrowed: an intervention that followed the destruction of large sectors of the town in 81 B.C.

    The investigation of the residential buildings in the insula between the second and third branch roads, in the southern zone, looked at a vast domus, with complex construction phases, whose entrance opened onto the third branch road. The domus presented a plan typical of the late Republican period: entrance divided into vestibulum and fauces, cubicula and alae on the long sides and service rooms and reception rooms on the short sides, arranged around an atrium with an impluvium built in tufa. Two passageways had been created in the two back rooms, which lead to a second open-air atrium, paved in opus signinum with limestone inserts, at the corners of which four limestone column drums were found.

    At the end of the excavation, work was undertaken on the organization of the area: the holes in the paving of the first branch road were filled with limestone gravel to make it usable for visitors.
    In the domus, the floors were covered in order to provide a key to each room’s use: pink Carrara marble grit for the interior rooms; lapilli in the atrium and rooms opening onto it; white limestone grit for the impluvium pool.

    Two routes for wheelchair bound visitors were created, which lead up to two viewing points overlooking the excavations. Relief maps with texts in Braille have been put up so that the site topography and a description of the remains are available for blind/partially-sighted visitors.

  • Stefania Quilici Gigli - Seconda Università di Napoli 



  • Rosa Vitale - Seconda Università di Napoli
  • Giuseppina Renda - Seconda Università di Napoli
  • Irene Ullucci
  • Paola Carfora - Seconda Università di Napoli
  • Sabrina Mataluna - Seconda Università degli studi di Napoli
  • Stefania Ferrante - Seconda Università di Napoli

Research Body

  • Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Facoltà di Conservazione dei Beni Culturali

Funding Body

  • Comune di Norma


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